, , , ,

Saladin and Christians of Jerusalem.

Saladin and Christians of Jerusalem.

The Siege of Jerusalem occurred from September 20 to October 2, 1187 which resulted in the near total breakdown of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the regain of Jerusalem by Saladin. Provoking the Third Crusade by allowing its primary goal to return Jerusalem to Christendom.
On July 4 1187, the Kingdom of Jerusalem was completely overthrown at the Battle of Hattin. Saladin took over Acre, Jaffa, Nablus, Sidon, Toron, Ascalon and Beirut. Other refugees and survivors of the battle escaped to Tyre, which was the only city able to maintain strength against Saladin. Balian of Ibelin had asked Saladin for safe passage to Jerusalem to allow him to retrieve Maria Comnena his wife and their family. This request was granted by Saladin, upon terms that Balian not to remain in Jerusalem or take up arms against him. Patriarch Heraclius, Queen Sibylla and the rest of the settlers begged him to take charge to guard the city.