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Detail from William Hole's mural of the Battle of Largs, in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.

Detail from William Hole’s mural of the Battle of Largs, in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.

Largs, Ayrshire and Arran The 2nd of October 1263 AD.
Whereas in England the Vikings had either been assimilated or ejected well before 1263, in Scotland the King of Norway still held lands under local rulers in the West of Scotland, as his predecessors had for more than 150 years: the Inner and Outer Hebrides, the Isle of Man , and Kintyre all owed allegiance to Hakon Hakonsson rather than Alexander III of Scotland. Like his father before him Alexander tried to bargain with the Norwegian to purchase Hakon’s outposts in what was becoming far more recognizably Scotland. Hakon refused, as he had previously.

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