The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. His claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. This descent from King Edward was through his third son, John of Gaunt. John’s third wife, Katherine Swynford had borne him several children as his mistress before he married her. The children born before the marriage were later legitmized, but barred from the succession. Margaret Beaufort was descended from one of the children born before the marriage of John and Katherine.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400) was the eighth King of England of the House of Plantagenet and the last of that house’s main-line kings. He ruled from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. Richard was a son of Edward, the Black Prince and was born during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. At the age of four, Richard became second in line to the throne when his older brother Edward of Angoulême died, and heir apparent when his father died in 1376. With Edward III’s death the following year, Richard succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.
A major new excavation in Maryport, England has provided a window into the religious landscape of an area once occupied by the Roman Empire. Archaeologists and volunteers say they’ve uncovered what they believe is an early Christian church.
“If it is, it is a very early church indeed, built in the frontier zone at a time of major social and cultural change,” the project’s director, Professor Ian Haynes of Newcastle University, told The Huffington Post in an email. “So we have a site with very important evidence for Jupiter worship, where subsequently we have evidence for an early Christian community.”