History and Archaeology news – Egypt recovers 90 stolen antiquities from Israel.

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Archive photo of a mummy mask.

Archive photo of a mummy mask.

(ahramonline)

Israel has returned a collection of stolen antiquities to Egypt after they were found on sale at an auction hall in Jerusalem.
The antiquities ministry said the collection contains 90 ancient Egyptian artefacts, including clay vessels, vases, ushabti figurines and stelae.
Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim told Ahram Online on Saturday the auction hall was exhibiting 110 artefacts but only 90 were recovered by the Israeli authorities. The remaining 20 were sold.

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#ThisDayInHistory: November 10, 1970 – Launch of Lunokhod 1.

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Lunokhod 1.

Lunokhod 1.

 

Lunokhod infographic –>

Lunokhod 1 was a lunar vehicle formed of a tub-like compartment with a large convex lid on eight independently powered wheels. Its length was 2.3 metres (7 ft 7 in). Lunokhod was equipped with a cone-shaped antenna, a highly directional helical antenna, four television cameras, and special extendable devices to test the lunar soil for soil density and mechanical property tests. An X-ray spectrometer, an X-ray telescope, cosmic ray detectors, and a laser device were also included.

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#ThisDayInHistory: November 8, 1949 – Birth date of Bonnie Lynn Raitt.

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Bonnie Raitt.

Bonnie Raitt.

Bonnie Raitt’s first few albums largely comprised traditional blues material and introduced Raitt’s supple phrasing, feminist stance, and abilities as a slide guitarist. Her career declined somewhat in the 1980s as she struggled with alcoholism but soared again when her 1989 release, Nick of Time, reached the top of the charts. She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000.

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History and Archaeology news – World first as archaeological app uncovers Wales’ hidden treasures.

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Homemade: Archwilio has been designed from scratch in Wales.

Homemade: Archwilio has been designed from scratch in Wales.

(Mirror)

Wales has become the first country in the world to have all its archaeological treasures made available at the touch of a button.
Commissioned by all four Welsh Archaeological Trusts and designed by experts at the University of South Wales, the Archwilio app, launched today by minister for culture John Griffiths at the National Museum in Cardiff, will allow all smartphone and tablet users access to explore thousands of archaeological sites.
The mobile app, which has been designed from scratch in Wales, also provides an interactive means for users to provide their own updates on archaeological records.
Louise Austin, head of heritage management at Dyfed Archaeological Trust, said: “This is a world-first for Wales and enables archaeological records for the whole of the country to be available on one app.

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History and Archaeology news – Name of Egyptian mummy from Perth museum revealed.

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It is thought specialist cleaning and preservation of the coffin will lead to the unearthing of further details about the mummy's identity.

It is thought specialist cleaning and preservation of the coffin will lead to the unearthing of further details about the mummy’s identity.

(BBC News)

The first stage of a study into an ancient Egyptian mummy has revealed her possible identity and where she was from.
Perth Museum’s mummy is thought to have been called ‘Ta-kr-hb’, pronounced ‘Takherheb’, according to research into the script contained on her coffin.
The findings have led researchers to think the coffin was made in the Egyptian town of Akhmim.
It is thought the mummy could be as much as 2,700 years old.
The study was undertaken by members of the University of Manchester’s KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology.
This is the first time that the mummy, who has been part of Perth Museum’s collections since 1936, has undergone any investigation of this type.

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#ThisDayInHistory: November 7, 1867 – Birth date of Maria Skłodowska-Curie.

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Maria Skłodowska-Curie.

Maria Skłodowska-Curie.

Marie Curienée Maria Sklodowska, was born in Warsaw on November 7, 1867, the daughter of a secondary-school teacher. She received a general education in local schools and some scientific training from her father. She became involved in a students’ revolutionary organization and found it prudent to leave Warsaw, then in the part of Poland dominated by Russia, for Cracow, which at that time was under Austrian rule. In 1891, she went to Paris to continue her studies at the Sorbonne where she obtained Licenciateships in Physics and the Mathematical Sciences. She met Pierre Curie, Professor in the School of Physics in 1894 and in the following year they were married.

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#ThisDayInHistory: November 5, 1854 – Crimean War: Battle of Inkerman.

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The 20th Foot at the Battle of Inkerman.

The 20th Foot at the Battle of Inkerman.

The Allied armies of Britain, France, and Turkey landed on the Crimea on September 15, 1854 and began advancing south towards Sevastopol. Defeating the Russians at the Battle of Alma five days later, the Allied leaders could not agree on a plan of attack and delayed assaulting the city allowing the Russians to improve its defenses. Finally marching east of Sevastopol, they approached from the south and began siege operations. Seeking to disrupt these, the Russian commander, Prince Alexander Menshikov, directed his forces to attack the British base at Balaclava.

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History and Archaeology news – Tutankhamun may have spontaneously combusted.

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Tutankhamun famous golden death mask.

Tutankhamun famous golden death mask.

The life and death of Tutankhamun have intrigued researchers ever since the treasure trove of the boy king’s tomb was first discovered in 1922.
A fresh examination of the famous pharaoh’s remains is only likely to add to the fascination after two sensational findings were revealed.
The first: that King Tut’s body may have spontaneously combusted when it was inside his sarcophagus after a botched mummification.
The second: that Tutankhamun may have died in battle after a chariot smashed into him while the warrior king was leading his army.

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History and Archaeology news – Archaeologists Discover 3,000-Year-Old Religious Center In Northern Peru.

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Peru.

Peru.

LIMA, PERU –  A religious center more than 3,000 years old from the pre-Incan Chavin culture has been discovered by Peruvian researchers in the Congona archaeological zone in northern Peru’s Lambayeque region, archaeologist Walter Alva said Thursday.
After a month of archaeological research, a specialized team from the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum in Lambayeque – headed by Alva, who directs the museum – discovered the religious sanctuary.
“We’re thinking that it’s an oracle from the Chavin epoch, with subterranean structures, enclosures and spaces reserved for the Chavin priests,” Alva said in an interview with Efe.

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#ThisDayInHistory: November 2, 2004 – Theo van Gogh is murdered on the streets of Amsterdam by Mohammed B.

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Theo van Gogh (Patricia Steur Photography).

Theo van Gogh (Patricia Steur Photography).

Theo van Gogh was murdered in Amsterdam on Tuesday, November 2 (2004). The 47-year-old film director and publicist was shot and stabbed several times by his assassin on the streets of the Dutch capital. Van Gogh had made no secret of his sympathy for the policies and restrictive immigration policies of the party led by the right-wing populist Pim Fortuyn, who was himself murdered in May 2002.
The presumed assassin, Mohammed B., a 26-year-old Dutchman of Moroccan descent, first shot van Gogh, then stabbed him and left behind a note. According to newspaper reports the note called for a “holy war,” although a government release states that the text consisted merely of quotes from the Koran. In addition, the government confirmed that the assassin was already known to the Dutch secret service (AVID). However, he had only loose contacts with individuals who in turn had connections with fundamentalist groups.

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